Access to Legal Remedies under the Visa Code in the Case of Representation Agreements

This project concerns preliminary questions to the Court of Justice (CJEU) from the district court in Utrecht in a visa case (Case C-680/17). The case concerns the request of Sri Lankan nationals for a Schengenvisa for the Netherlands. On the basis of a bilateral agreement they needed to apply for this visa at VSF Global (a private organisation), which decides on visa application on behalf of Switzerland, which decides in its turn on behalf of the Netherlands. The visa were refused by VSF Global. The applicants submitted an objection against this rejection in the Netherlands. The Dutch authorities declared this objection inadmissible. They stated that they do not have the authority to decide on the visa applications. The applicants appealed this decision before the district court. The court asks the CJEU amongst others whether the right to an effective remedy as guaranteed by Article 47 of the Charter is respected, if the decision to reject an application for a visa can only be appealed before an administrative or judicial body in the State, which has taken this decision on behalf of another State.

The case is currently pending before the CJEU. A hearing will be held on 6 December 2018. The expert opinion will be published after the CJEU has issued its judgment.