Third party intervention European Court of Human Rights case M.T. and others v Sweden (Appl no 22105/18)

This case concerns a Syrian minor boy, whose request for family reunification with his mother and brother was refused. The reason was a temporary law adopted in Sweden which provided that persons in need of subsidiary protection do not have the right to family reunification (while refugees do have that right). The boy and his…

Third party intervention European Court of Human Rights case S.S. v Sweden (Appl no 43654/18)

The case concerns a young Afghan woman, who applied for asylum in Sweden. The application was rejected. She complains that her return to Afghanistan would violate Art. 3 of the European Convention of Human Rights. The ECtHR has communicated the case to the Swedish Government on 10 December 2018 and asked it the following questions: 1. In…

The requirement of ‘sufficient substance’ of the relationship between father and child

This project concerns a series of cases in which the Dutch Council of State has ruled that there was no right to family reunification of a father with his biological child(ren), who was/were born out of wedlock (Council of State 18 July 2018, ECLI:NL:RVS:2018:2366, ECLI:NL:RVS:2018:2466, ECLI:NL:RVS:2018:2467, ECLI:NL:RVS:2018:2469 and 10 September, ECLI:NL:RVS:2018:2940). The Council of State considered that there were no factual family…

Access to legal remedies against a visa refusal based on an objection of another Member State

This project concerns several cases (Cases C-226/19 and C-225/19), in which a short term visa for the Netherlands was rejected automatically on the basis of an objection by an (unknown) EU Member State. The question addressed in this project is whether this automatic refusal is in conformity with EU law, specifically the Visa Code and Articles 41 (the right…

The legality of revocation of Dutch nationality of dual nationals involved in terrorist organizations

This expert opinion concerns cases of revocation of Dutch nationality of dual nationals (allegedly) involved in terrorist organizations. In some of these cases Dutch nationality is revoked on the basis of a final conviction for a terrorism-related crime. Other cases concern the revocation of Dutch nationality of so-called ‘jihadists’ who travelled to Syria, in the interests…

Access to Legal Remedies under the Visa Code in the Case of Representation Agreements

This project concerns preliminary questions to the Court of Justice (CJEU) from the district court in Utrecht in a visa case (Case C-680/17). The case concerns the request of Sri Lankan nationals for a Schengenvisa for the Netherlands. On the basis of a bilateral agreement they needed to apply for this visa at VSF Global (a private organisation), which…